What are stores and transfers geography?
Stores and transfers The major stores of water are the ocean, ice caps, land and the atmosphere. The movement of water between these stores is called transfers .
What is meant by a store and a flow?
Stores. Surface runoff and stream flow. More low flows (droughts) and high flows (floods) Increased runoff and reduced infiltration Groundwater flow.
What are water stores?
Water storage refers to holding water in a contained area for a period of time. Water storage can be natural or artificial. Natural water storage occurs in all parts of the hydrologic cycle in which water is stored in the atmosphere, on the surface of the Earth, and below ground.
What is the difference between a store and a flow geography?
Stores include puddles, rivers, lakes (surface storage), glaciers, soil storage and groundwater storage along with water stored on vegetation (interception) following precipitation. Transfers or flows include percolation, overland flow, infiltration, stemflow, throughflow and overland flow.
What are freshwater stores?
On the landscape, freshwater is stored in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and creeks and streams. Most of the water people use everyday comes from these sources of water on the land surface.
What are the global stores of water?
One estimate of global water distribution
||Water volume, in cubic miles
||Percent of total water
|Oceans, Seas, & Bays
|Ice caps, Glaciers, & Permanent Snow
What is soil moisture store?
AVAILABLE SOIL MOISTURE. SOIL WATER STORAGE. For irrigation the soil water storage (SWS) capacity is defined as the total amount of water that is stored in the soil within the plant’s root zone. The soil texture and the crop rooting depth determine this.
What is called tributary?
A tributary is a freshwater stream that feeds into a larger stream or river. The larger, or parent, river is called the mainstem. The point where a tributary meets the mainstem is called the confluence. Tributaries, also called affluents, do not flow directly into the ocean.
What is through flow in geography?
Beneath the surface, water is transferred via throughflow, which is the movement of water through the lower soil towards rivers, and groundwater flow.
What are the 5 main water stores?
Global distribution & size major stores of water
- Water on Planet Earth. Water found on or close to the Earth’s surface is called the hydrosphere. …
- Atmospheric stores of water. The atmosphere is the layer of gasses surrounding our planet. …
- Cryospheric stores of water. …
- Terrestrial or land-based water. …
- Oceanic water.
How do water stores work?
Customers fill their own bottles in the store and apply the cap and then pay the number of gallons of water they filled at extremely competitive prices, usually 40 – 60% less than what they pay for their 5 gallons bottles delivered to their houses, offices, or businesses.
Is an aquifer?
An aquifer is a body of rock and/or sediment that holds groundwater. Groundwater is the word used to describe precipitation that has infiltrated the soil beyond the surface and collected in empty spaces underground. There are two general types of aquifers: confined and unconfined.
Which two water stores are non renewable and why?
This is the average time a molecule of water will spend in one of the stores. Residence times vary from 10 days in the atmosphere to 3,600 years in the oceans and 15,000 years in an ice cap. It is claimed that two water stores, fossil water and cryosphere are non-renewable.
What is the flow of water called?
Streamflow, or channel runoff, is the flow of water in streams and other channels, and is a major element of the water cycle. It is one component of the movement of water from the land to waterbodies, the other component being surface runoff.
What physical processes affect stores and flows in drainage basins?
Transpiration Water loss from leaves and stems of vegetation as a result of plant growth processes. Infiltration When water soaks down into the soil. Throughflow Once in the soil, water flows slowly below the ground until it reaches a river or lake.
Where is the water store during the water cycle?
Water can be stored in three main places: the atmosphere, on the surface of the Earth, and underground. Specifically these water storage areas are known as reservoirs and include oceans, glacier ice, groundwater, lakes, soil moisture, living organisms, the atmosphere, and rivers.
How is water transferred between stores in the water cycle?
Over 500,000 km3 of water is in transfer between water stores due to a number of key processes. Water evaporates from surface water and from the surface of the land. Water is transpired through the leaves of plants. Together, the two process transferring water to the atmosphere are known as evapotranspiration.
What are underground rivers called?
A subterranean river is a river that runs wholly or partly beneath the ground surface – one where the riverbed does not represent the surface of the Earth. It is distinct from an aquifer, which may flow like a river but is contained within a permeable layer of rock or other unconsolidated materials.